Librería Portfolio Librería Portfolio

Búsqueda avanzada

TIENE EN SU CESTA DE LA COMPRA

0 productos

en total 0,00 €

CALCULUS OF THOUGHT. NEUROMORPHIC LOGISTIC REGRESSION IN COGNITIVE MACHINES
Título:
CALCULUS OF THOUGHT. NEUROMORPHIC LOGISTIC REGRESSION IN COGNITIVE MACHINES
Subtítulo:
Autor:
RICE, D
Editorial:
ACADEMIC PRESS
Año de edición:
2013
ISBN:
978-0-12-410407-5
Páginas:
300
58,50 € -10,0% 52,65 €

 

Sinopsis

Key Features

Provides a high-level introduction and detailed reviews of the neural, statistical and machine learning knowledge base as a foundation for a new era of smarter machines
Argues that smarter machine learning to handle both explanation and prediction without cognitive bias must have a foundation in cognitive neuroscience and must embody similar explicit and implicit learning principles that occur in the brain
Offers a new neuromorphic foundation for machine learning based upon the reduced error logistic regression (RELR) method and provides simple examples of RELR computations in toy problems that can be accessed in spreadsheet workbooks through a companion website
Description

Calculus of Thought: Neuromorphic Logistic Regression in Cognitive Machines is a must-read for all scientists about a very simple computation method designed to simulate big-data neural processing. This book is inspired by the Calculus Ratiocinator idea of Gottfried Leibniz, which is that machine computation should be developed to simulate human cognitive processes, thus avoiding problematic subjective bias in analytic solutions to practical and scientific problems.
The reduced error logistic regression (RELR) method is proposed as such a ´Calculus of Thought.´ This book reviews how RELR´s completely automated processing may parallel important aspects of explicit and implicit learning in neural processes. It emphasizes the fact that RELR is really just a simple adjustment to already widely used logistic regression, along with RELR´s new applications that go well beyond standard logistic regression in prediction and explanation. Readers will learn how RELR solves some of the most basic problems in today's big and small data related to high dimensionality, multi-colinearity, and cognitive bias in capricious outcomes commonly involving human behavior.



Preface
A Personal Perspective
Chapter 1. Calculus Ratiocinator
Abstract
1 A Fundamental Problem with the Widely Used Methods
2 Ensemble Models and Cognitive Processing in Playing Jeopardy
3 The Brain´s Explicit and Implicit Learning
4 Two Distinct Modeling Cultures and Machine Intelligence
5 Logistic Regression and the Calculus Ratiocinator Problem
Chapter 2. Most Likely Inference
Abstract
1 The Jaynes Maximum Entropy Principle
2 Maximum Entropy and Standard Maximum Likelihood Logistic Regression
3 Discrete Choice, Logit Error, and Correlated Observations
4 RELR and the Logit Error
5 RELR and the Jaynes Principle
Chapter 3. Probability Learning and Memory
Abstract
1 Bayesian Online Learning and Memory
2 Most Probable Features
3 Implicit RELR
4 Explicit RELR
Chapter 4. Causal Reasoning
Abstract
1 Propensity Score Matching
2 RELR´s Outcome Score Matching
3 An Example of RELR´s Causal Reasoning
4 Comparison to Other Bayesian and Causal Methods
Chapter 5. Neural Calculus
Abstract
1 RELR as a Neural Computational Model
2 RELR and Neural Dynamics
3 Small Samples in Neural Learning
4 What about Artificial Neural Networks?
Chapter 6. Oscillating Neural Synchrony
Abstract
1 The EEG and Neural Synchrony
2 Neural Synchrony, Parsimony, and Grandmother Cells
3 Gestalt Pragnanz and Oscillating Neural Synchrony
4 RELR and Spike-Timing-Dependent Plasticity
5 Attention and Neural Synchrony
6 Metrical Rhythm in Oscillating Neural Synchrony
7 Higher Frequency Gamma Oscillations
Chapter 7. Alzheimer´s and Mind-Brain Problems
Abstract
1 Neuroplasticity Selection in Development and Aging
2 Brain and Cognitive Changes in Very Early Alzheimer´s Disease
3 A RELR Model of Recent Episodic and Semantic Memory
4 What Causes the Medial Temporal Lobe Disturbance in Early Alzheimer´s?
5 The Mind-Brain Problem
Chapter 8. Let Us Calculate
Abstract
1 Human Decision Bias and the Calculus Ratiocinator
2 When the Experts are Wrong
3 When Predictive Models Crash
4 The Promise of Cognitive Machines
Appendix
A1 RELR Maximum Entropy Formulation
A2 Derivation of RELR Logit from Errors-in-Variables Considerations
A3 Methodology for Pew 2004 Election Weekend Model Study
A4 Derivation of Posterior Probabilities in RELR´s Sequential Online Learning
A5 Chain Rule Derivation of Explicit RELR Feature Importance
A6 Further Details on the Explicit RELR Low Birth Weight Model in Chapter 3
A7 Zero Intercepts in Perfectly Balanced Stratified Samples
A8 Detailed Steps in RELR´s Causal Machine Learning Method
Notes and References
Index