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Containing chapter contributions from over 130 experts, this unique publication is the first handbook dedicated to the physics and technology of X-ray imaging, offering extensive coverage of the field. This highly comprehensive work is edited by one of the world's leading experts in X-ray imaging physics and technology and has been created with guidance from a Scientific Board containing respected and renowned scientists from around the world.

The book´s scope includes 2D and 3D X-ray imaging techniques from soft-X-ray to megavoltage energies, including computed tomography, fluoroscopy, dental imaging and small animal imaging, with several chapters dedicated to breast imaging techniques. 2D and 3D industrial imaging is incorporated, including imaging of artworks. Specific attention is dedicated to techniques of phase contrast X-ray imaging.

The approach undertaken is one that illustrates the theory as well as the techniques and the devices routinely used in the various fields. Computational aspects are fully covered, including 3D reconstruction algorithms, hard/software phantoms, and computer-aided diagnosis. Theories of image quality are fully illustrated. Historical, radioprotection, radiation dosimetry, quality assurance and educational aspects are also covered.

This handbook will be suitable for a very broad audience, including graduate students in medical physics and biomedical engineering; medical physics residents; radiographers; physicists and engineers in the field of imaging and non-destructive industrial testing using X-rays; and scientists interested in understanding and using X-ray imaging techniques.

The handbook´s editor, Dr. Paolo Russo, has over 30 years' experience in the academic teaching of medical physics and X-ray imaging research. He has authored several book chapters in the field of X-ray imaging, is Editor-in-Chief of an international scientific journal in medical physics, and has responsibilities in the publication committees of international scientific organizations in medical physics.


Comprehensive coverage of the use of X-rays both in medical radiology and industrial testing
The first handbook published to be dedicated to the physics and technology of X-rays
Handbook edited by world authority, with contributions from experts in each field

Table of Contents
PART 1: Basic physical and technological aspects

Chapter 1: Basic physics of X-ray interactions in matter

Chapter 2: Xray tube physics and technology

Chapter 3: X-ray generators

Chapter 4: Carbon Nanotube Based Field Emission X-ray Technology

Chapter 5: Technology of Miniature X-Ray Tubes

Chapter 6: Technology of pyroelectric X-ray tubes

Chapter 7: History of X-Ray Tubes

Chapter 8: Synchrotron radiation x-ray sources for radiography and tomography

Chapter 9: X-ray shutters

Chapter 10: Calculation of x-ray spectra

Chapter 11: Radiochromic film dosimetry for radiology

Chapter 12: Computed Radiography

Chapter 13: Photon Counting Detectors for X-ray imaging

Chapter 14: Image Quality

Chapter 15: Image quality in attenuation based and phase contrast based X-ray imaging

Chapter 16: Inverse Compton Scattering X-ray sources

PART 2: X-ray Radiography and Fluoroscopy

Chapter 17: Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen - The discovery of X-rays and the creation of a new medical profession

Chapter 18: History of Radiology

Chapter 19: Digital Mammography

Chapter 20: Digital Breast Tomosynthesis

Chapter 21: Fluoroscopy: physics and technology

Chapter 22: Dental radiography

Chapter 23: Clinical mammographic and tomosynthesis units

Chapter 24: Physical image quality evaluation of x-ray detectors for digital radiography and mammography

Chapter 25: Mammography, breast tomosynthesis and risk of radiation-induced breast cancer

Chapter 26: Clinical radiographic units

Chapter 27: Clinical Fluoroscopy units

Chapter 28: Physical Basis of X-ray Breast Imaging

Chapter 29: Radiation dose in X-ray mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis

Chapter 30: Industrial Radiography

Chapter 31: Forensic Radiology

PART 3: X-ray Computed Tomography

Chapter 32: X-ray Computed Tomography for diagnostic imaging - from single-slice to multi-slice

Chapter 33: Analytical reconstruction methods in X-ray CT

Chapter 34: Iterative reconstruction methods in X-ray CT

Historical image gallery

Chapter 35: X-ray Cone-Beam Computed Tomography

Chapter 36: Small Animal X-ray Computed Tomography

Chapter 37: Quality Assurance of X-ray Computer Tomography

Chapter 38: Radiation Dose in X-ray Computed Tomography

Chapter 39: Dual energy X-ray computed tomography

Chapter 40: Soft x-ray tomography: techniques and applications

Chapter 41: 4-D X-ray Computed Tomography

Chapter 42: Dental and Maxillofacial Cone Beam Computed Tomography

Chapter 43: High Speed X-ray computed tomography

Chapter 44: Kilovoltage and Megavoltage Imaging in Radiotherapy

Chapter 45: Industrial X-ray computed tomography

Chapter 46: Industrial X-ray computed tomography scanners

Chapter 47: Dimensional metrology for industrial Computed Tomography

Chapter 48: Influence of scatter in X-ray imaging and scatter correction methods for industrial applications

PART 4: Phase-contrast X-ray imaging and other aspects

Chapter 49: Theory of X-ray phase-contrast imaging

Chapter 50: Non-interferometric techniques for X-ray phase-contrast biomedical imaging

Chapter 51: X-ray phase-contrast mammography

Chapter 52: X-ray phase contrast tomosynthesis imaging

Chapter 53: Crystal analyser-based X-ray Phase Contrast Imaging

Chapter 54: X-Ray scattering: analytical applications and imaging

Chapter 55: Tissue Substitute Materials for Diagnostic X-ray Imaging

Chapter 56: Phantoms for image quality and dose assessment

Chapter 57: Software phantoms for X-ray radiography and tomography

Chapter 58: Radiography and Computed Tomography for Works of Art

Chapter 59: Computer Aided Diagnosis for X-ray imaging

Chapter 60: Computer analysis of mammograms

Chapter 61: Databases for mammography

Chapter 62: Computer analysis of CT images for lung nodule detection

Chapter 63: Display Optimization & Human Factors

Chapter 64: Display for Medical Imaging and DICOM Grayscale Standard Display Function Fundamentals

Chapter 65: Quality Control of Medical Imaging Displays

Chapter 66: Radiation protection issues in X-ray radiology, fluoroscopy and computed tomography

Chapter 67: Educational aspects in radiography physics and technology

Chapter 68: Tables of X-rays mass attenuation coefficients, of K and L -energy, of K, L and M fluorescence yield, of Ka/Kß, La/Lßand La/L?