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MASTERING WINDOWS SERVER 2016 HYPER-V
Título:
MASTERING WINDOWS SERVER 2016 HYPER-V
Subtítulo:
Autor:
SAVILL, J
Editorial:
JOHN WILEY
Año de edición:
2017
ISBN:
978-1-119-28618-9
Páginas:
648
57,95 € -10,0% 52,16 €

 

Sinopsis

Build a seamless, flexible, full-service datacenter solution
Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V is the IT administrator´s guide to this rising datacenter solution. Hyper-V has already surpassed VMWare in datacenter management, identity service for multiple devices, and more; this book shows you how to harness the power of this hypervisor to simplify the infrastructure, reduce costs, improve productivity, and better manage system resources. From a tour of the technology through architecture, deployment, and integration of System Center, Microsoft Azure, and Microsoft Azure Stack, the discussion illustrates the skills you need to create a complete solution for optimum enterprise management. Coverage includes Windows Azure capabilities for virtual machines, managing a hybrid cloud, IaaS, storage capabilities, PowerShell, and more, with practical real-world guidance from a leading authority in the field.

Hyper-V has recently undergone improvements in scalability and features that have positioned it as an ideal solution in the Small/Medium Business and Enterprise markets. This book shows you how to exploit these new capabilities to build a robust data solution for your organization.

Discover the capabilities of Microsoft Hyper-V
Architect a Hyper-V datacenter solution
Plan and manage a deployment or migration
Integrate complementary technologies for full scalability
Data is everywhere-on desktops, laptops, phones, and multiple operating systems, accessed through email, text messages, web searches, online services, and more. All of this data must be stored, accessible, updated, backed up, secured, managed, sorted, and analyzed-sometimes instantly. Hyper-V is the rising star in the virtualization space, and Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V shows you how to turn greater capabilities into better datacenter solutions.



Table of Contents

Introduction xix
Chapter 1  Introduction to Virtualization and Microsoft Solutions 1

The Evolution of the Datacenter 1

One Box, One Operating System 1

How Virtualization Has Changed the Way Companies Work and Its Key Values 5

History of Hyper-V 10

Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V Features 12

Windows Server 2008 R2 Changes 13

Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 115

Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V Changes 16

Windows Server 2012 R2 22

Windows Server 2016 24

Licensing of Hyper-V 26

One Operating System (Well Two, but Really One) with Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2 26

Windows Server 2016 Changes to Licensing and Versions 29

Choosing the Version of Hyper-V 31

The Role of System Center with Hyper-V 32

System Center Confi guration Manager33

System Center Virtual Machine Manager and App Controller 34

System Center Operations Manager 34

System Center Data Protection Manager 35

System Center Service Manager 35

System Center Orchestrator 36

Clouds and Services 36

The Bottom Line 38

Chapter 2  Virtual Machine Resource Fundamentals 41

Understanding VMBus 41

The Anatomy of a Virtual Machine 44

Generation 1 Virtual Machine 45

Generation 2 Virtual Machine 50

VMCX Configuration File 53

VM Configuration Versions 54

Processor Resources 55

Virtual Processor to Logical Processor Scheduling 58

Processor Assignment 60

NUMA Support 66

Memory Resources 69

Dynamic Memory 69

Runtime Memory Resize 75

Virtual Storage 77

VHD 78

VHDX 79

Creating a Virtual Hard Disk 80

Pass-Through Storage 83

Discrete Device Assignment 83

The Bottom Line 86

Chapter 3  Virtual Networking 89

Virtual Switch Fundamentals 89

Three Types of Virtual Switches 89

Creating a Virtual Switch 92

Extensible Switch 94

VLANs and PVLANS 99

Understanding VLANs 99

VLANs and Hyper-V 102

PVLANs 104

How SCVMM Simplifies Networking with Hyper-V 107

SCVMM Networking Architecture 108

Deploying Networking with SCVMM 2016 114

Network Virtualization 129

Network Virtualization Overview 130

Network Controller 135

Software Load Balancer 137

Gateways 140

Datacenter Firewall 141

UDR, Port Mirroring, and Virtual Appliances 144

Implementing Network Virtualization 145

Summary 147

VMQ, RSS, and SR-IOV 148

SR-IOV 148

VMQ 151

RSS and vRSS 154

NIC Teaming 157

Host Virtual Adapters and Types of Networks Needed in a Hyper-V Host 160

Types of Guest Network Adapters 165

Monitoring Virtual Traffic 169

The Bottom Line 171

Chapter 4  Storage Configurations 173

Storage Fundamentals and VHDX 173

Types of Controllers 176

Common VHDX Maintenance Actions 177

Dynamic VHDX Resize 179

Storage Spaces and Windows as a Storage Solution 180

Storage Space Basics 181

Using Storage Spaces 182

Windows Server 2012 R2 Storage Space Changes 184

Windows Server 2016 Storage Space Changes 186

Storage Replica 193

Storage Spaces Direct and Storage Replica Together 197

Server Message Block Usage 197

SMB Technologies 198

SMB for Hyper-V Storage 203

iSCSI with Hyper-V 205

Using the Windows iSCSI Target 206

Using the Windows iSCSI Initiator 207

Considerations for Using iSCSI 209

Understanding Virtual Fibre Channel 209

Leveraging Shared VHDX and VHD Sets 216

Data Deduplication and Hyper-V 220

Storage Quality of Service 222

SAN Storage and SCVMM 227

The Bottom Line 229

Chapter 5  Managing Hyper-V 231

Installing Hyper-V231

Using Configuration Levels 233

Windows Server 2016 and Nano Server 235

Enabling the Hyper-V Role 243

Actions after Installation of Hyper-V 245

Deploying Hyper-V Servers with SCVMM 247

Hyper-V Management Tools 248

Using Hyper-V Manager 250

Core Actions Using PowerShell 255

VM Groups 259

PowerShell Direct 260

Securing the Hyper-V Server 261

Creating and Managing a Virtual Machine 262

Shielded VMs and Host Guardian Service 266

Review of Shielded VMs and Host Guardian Service 267

Deploying Shielded VMs 269

Creating and Using Hyper-V Templates 278

Hyper-V Integration Services and Supported Operating Systems 287

Migrating Physical Servers and Virtual Machines to Hyper-V Virtual Machines 291

Upgrading and Migrating from Previous Versions 293

Stand-Alone Hosts 294

Clusters 294

The Bottom Line 298

Chapter 6  Maintaining a Hyper-V Environment 299

Patch Planning and Implementation 299

Leveraging WSUS 300

Patching Hyper-V Clusters 301

Malware Configurations 304

Backup Planning 305

Defragmentation with Hyper-V 309

Using Checkpoints 312

Using Service Templates 317

Performance Tuning and Monitoring with Hyper-V 320

Resource Metering 324

Monitoring 329

The Bottom Line 330

Chapter 7  Failover Clustering and Migration Technologies 333

Failover Clustering Basics 333

Understanding Quorum and Why It's Important 335

Quorum Basics 336

Modifying Cluster Vote Configuration 343

Advanced Quorum Options and Forcing Quorums 345

Geographically Distributed Clusters 347

Why Use Clustering with Hyper-V? 350

Service Monitoring 351

Protected Network 353

Cluster-Aware Updating 354

Where to Implement High Availability 356

Configuring a Hyper-V Cluster 358

Cluster Network Requirements and Configurations 359

Performing Cluster Validation 369

Creating a Cluster 373

Creating Clusters with SCVMM 373

Using Cluster Shared Volumes 376

Making a Virtual Machine a Clustered Virtual Machine 381

Live Migration 383

Windows Server 2012 Live Migration Enhancements 386

Live Storage Move 388

Shared Nothing Live Migration 392

Configuring Constrained Delegation 394

Initiating Simultaneous Migrations Using PowerShell 397

Windows Server 2012 R2 Live Migration Enhancements 397

Dynamic Optimization and Resource Balancing 398

The Bottom Line 405

Chapter 8  Hyper-V Replica and Cloud Orchestration 407

The Need for Disaster Recovery and DR Basics 407

Asynchronous vs Synchronous Replication 409

Introduction to Hyper-V Replica 410

Enabling Hyper-V Replica 412

Configuring Hyper-V Replica 414

Using Hyper-V Replica Broker 421

Performing Hyper-V Replica Failover 422

Sizing a Hyper-V Replica Solution 428

Using Hyper-V Replica Cloud Orchestration for Automated Failover with Azure Site Recovery 430

Overview of Hyper-V Protection with Azure Site Recovery 431

Getting Started with ASR R 434

Architecting the Right Disaster-Recovery Solution 435

The Bottom Line436

Chapter 9  Implementing the Private Cloud, SCVMM, and Microsoft Azure Stack 437

The Benefits of the Private Cloud 437

Private Cloud Components 442

SCVMM Fundamentals 444

Major New Capabilities in SCVMM 2016 444

Installation 445

SCVMM Management Console 448

Libraries 452

Creating a Private Cloud by Using System Center Virtual Machine Manager 455

Granting Users Access to the Private Cloud 463

Enabling Workflows and Advanced Private Cloud Concepts by Using Service Manager and Orchestrator 463

Utilizing Windows Azure Pack 466

How the Rest of System Center Fits into Your Private Cloud Architecture 468

Understanding Microsoft Azure Stack 471

Architecture 473

Types of Deployment 476

What Does Azure Stack Mean? 476

Where Does System Center and Operations Management Suite Fit with Azure Stack 477

The Bottom Line 477

Chapter 10  Containers and Docker 479

Challenge of Application Deployment 479

Hyper-V Nested Virtualization 480

Windows Container Fundamentals 481

Windows Server Containers vsHyper-V Containers 484

Docker 486

Installing the Container Feature 488

Creating and Managing Containers 490

Configuring Networking 490

Creating and Interacting with Containers 498

Understanding Storage for Containers 503

Integrating Active Directory 504

Working with Image Registries 504

Patching and Updating 505

Using Containers in Your Organization 505

The Bottom Line 506

Chapter 11  Remote Desktop Services 507

Remote Desktop Services and Bring Your Own Device 507

Microsoft Desktop and Session Virtualization Technologies 512

RD Web Access 514

RD Connection Broker 515

RD Virtualization Host 516

RD Gateway 516

Requirements for a Complete Desktop Virtualization Solution 517

Creating the VDI Template 522

Deploying a New VDI Collection Using Scenario-Based Deployment 524

Personal Session Desktops 530

Using RemoteFX 532

Remote Desktop Protocol Capabilities 538

Using Multipoint Services 541

Choosing the Right Desktop Virtualization Technology 542

The Bottom Line 546

Chapter 12  Microsoft Azure IaaS, Storage, and Networking 547

Understanding Public Cloud "as a Serviceö 547

When Are Public Cloud Services the Best Solution? 549

Microsoft Azure 101 553

Microsoft Azure Compute 554

Capabilities of Azure IaaS and How It Is Purchased 555

Creating Virtual Machines in Azure IaaS 566

Availability Sets 568

Azure Storage 570

Virtual Networks 576

Linking On-Premises Networks with Azure IaaS 578

Managing with PowerShell 580

Migrating Virtual Machines Between Hyper-V and Azure IaaS 584

The Bottom Line 585

Chapter 13  Bringing It All Together with a Best-of-Breed Cloud Solution 587

Which Is the Right Technology to Choose? 587

Consider the Public Cloud 588

Decide If a Server Workload Should Be Virtualized 593

Do I Want a Private Cloud? 595

Enabling Single-Pane-of-Glass Management 596

The Bottom Line 598

Appendix  The Bottom Line 599

Chapter 1: Introduction to Virtualization and Microsoft Solutions 599

Chapter 2: Virtual Machine Resource Fundamentals 600

Chapter 3: Virtual Networking 601

Chapter 4: Storage Confi gurations 602

Chapter 5: Managing Hyper-V 603

Chapter 6: Maintaining a Hyper-V Environment 604

Chapter 7: Failover Clustering and Migration Technologies 605

Chapter 8: Hyper-V Replica and Cloud Orchestration 605

Chapter 9: Implementing the Private Cloud, SCVMM, and Microsoft Azure Stack 606

Chapter 10: Containers and Docker 607

Chapter 11: Remote Desktop Services 608

Chapter 12: Microsoft Azure IaaS, Storage, and Networking 609

Chapter 13: Bringing It All Together with a Best-of-Breed Cloud Solution 610

Index 611