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SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS 3E
Título:
SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS 3E
Subtítulo:
Autor:
PRATT, T
Editorial:
JOHN WILEY
Año de edición:
2020
ISBN:
978-1-119-48217-8
Páginas:
2020
119,00 € -10,0% 107,10 €

 

Sinopsis

Extensive revision of the best-selling text on satellite communications - includes new chapters on cubesats, NGSO satellite systems, and Internet access by satellite

There have been many changes in the thirty three years since the first edition of Satellite Communications was published. There has been a complete transition from analog to digital communication systems, withanalog techniques replaced by digital modulation and digital signal processing. While distribution of television programming remains the largest sector of commercial satellite communications, low earth orbit constellations of satellites for Internet access are set to challenge that dominance.

In the third edition, chapters one through three cover topics that are specific to satellites, including orbits, launchers, and spacecraft. Chapters four through seven cover the principles of digital communication systems, radio frequency communications, digital modulation and multiple access techniques, and propagation in the earth's atmosphere, topics that are common to all radio communication systems. Chapters eight through twelve cover applications that include non-geostationary satellite systems, low throughput systems, direct broadcast satellite television, Internet access by satellite, and global navigation satellite systems. The chapter on Internet access by satellite is new to the third edition, and each of the chapters has been extensively revised to include the many changes in the field since the publication of the second edition in 2003. Two appendices have been added that cover digital transmission of analog signals, and antennas.

An invaluable resource for students and professionals alike, this book:

Focuses on the fundamental theory of satellite communications
Explains the underlying principles and essential mathematics required to understand the physics and engineering of satellite communications
Discusses the expansion of satellite communication systems in areas such as direct-broadcast satellite TV, GPS, and internet access
Introduces the rapidly advancing field of small satellites, referred to as SmallSats or CubeSats
Provides relevant practice problems based on real-world satellite systems
Satellite Communications is required reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students in satellite communications courses and an authoritative reference for engineers working in communications, systems and networks, and satellite operations and management.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface xi

About the Authors xv

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Background 1

1.2 A Brief History of Satellite Communications 5

1.3 Satellite Communications in 2018 9

1.4 Overview of Satellite Communications 11

1.5 Summary 14

1.6 Organization of This Book 15

References 16

2 Orbital Mechanics and Launchers 17

2.1 Introduction 17

2.2 Achieving a Stable Orbit 17

2.3 Kepler's Three Laws of Planetary Motion 23

2.4 Describing the Orbit of a Satellite 25

2.5 Locating the Satellite in the Orbit 27

2.6 Locating the Satellite with Respect to the Earth 29

2.7 Orbital Elements 31

2.8 Look Angle Determination 33

2.9 Orbital Perturbations 42

2.10 Orbit Determination 46

2.11 Space Launch Vehicles and Rockets 47

2.12 Placing Satellites Into Geostationary Orbit 56

2.13 Orbital Effects in Communications Systems Performance 59

2.14 Manned Space Vehicles 62

2.15 Summary 64

Exercises 65

References 68

3 Satellites 71

3.1 Satellite Subsystems 72

3.2 Attitude and Orbit Control System (AOCS) 75

3.3 Telemetry, Tracking, Command, and Monitoring (TTC&M) 84

3.4 Power Systems 88

3.5 Communications Subsystems 90

3.6 Satellite Antennas 100

3.7 Equipment Reliability and Space Qualification 107

3.8 Summary 113

Exercises 114

References 116

4 Satellite Link Design 119

4.1 Introduction 119

4.2 Transmission Theory 125

4.3 System Noise Temperature and G/T Ratio 130

4.4 Design of Downlinks 142

4.5 Ku-Band GEO Satellite Systems 149

4.6 Uplink Design 158

4.7 Design for Specified CNR: Combining CNR and C/I Values in Satellite Links 163

4.8 System Design for Specific Performance 167

4.9 Summary 188

Exercises 189

References 193

5 Digital Transmission and Error Control 195

5.1 Digital Transmission 197

5.2 Implementing Zero ISI Transmission in the Time Domain 215

5.3 Probability of Error in Digital Transmission 221

5.4 Digital Transmission of Analog Signals 231

5.5 Time Division Multiplexing 241

5.6 Packets, Frames, and Protocols 243

5.7 Error Control 246

5.8 Summary 264

Exercises 266

References 269

6 Modulation and Multiple Access 271

6.1 Introduction 271

6.2 Digital Modulation 273

6.3 Multiple Access 287

6.4 Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) 291

6.5 Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) 308

6.6 Synchronization in TDMA Networks 317

6.7 Transmitter Power in TDMA Networks 319

6.8 Star and Mesh Networks 323

6.9 Onboard Processing 324

6.10 Demand Assignment Multiple Access (DAMA) 329

6.11 Random Access (RA) 333

6.12 Packet Radio Systems and Protocols 334

6.13 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) 337

6.14 Summary 348

Exercises 349

References 352

7 Propagation Effects and Their Impact on Satellite-Earth Links 355

7.1 Introduction 355

7.2 Propagation Phenomena 358

7.3 Quantifying Attenuation and Depolarization 359

7.4 Propagation Effects That are Not Associated with Hydrometeors 367

7.5 Rain and Ice Effects 372

7.6 Prediction of Rain Attenuation 380

7.7 Prediction of XPD 390

7.8 Propagation Impairment Countermeasures 399

7.9 Summary 404

Exercises 405

References 408

8 Low Throughput Systems and Small Satellites 411

8.1 Introduction 411

8.2 Small Satellites 413

8.3 Operational Use of SmallSats 436

8.4 Low Throughput Mobile Communications Satellite Systems 440

8.5 VSAT Systems 444

8.6 Signal Formats 461

8.7 System Aspects 469

8.8 Time Over Coverage 470

8.9 Orbital Debris 471

8.10 Summary 472

Exercises 473

References 475

9 NGSO Satellite Systems 481

9.1 Introduction 481

9.2 Orbit Considerations 485

9.3 Coverage and Frequency Considerations 501

9.4 System Considerations 523

9.5 Operational and Proposed NGSO Constellation Designs 526

9.6 System Design Example 534

9.7 Summary 535

Exercises 537

References 539

10 Direct Broadcast Satellite Television and Radio 543

10.1 C-Band and Ku-Band Home Satellite TV 545

10.2 Digital DBS-TV 545

10.3 DVB-S and DVB-S2 Standards 556

10.4 DBS-TV System Design 569

10.5 DBS-TV Link Budget for DVB-S and DVB-S2 Receivers 572

10.6 Second Generation DBS-TV Satellite Systems Using DVB-S2 Signal Format 575

10.7 Master Control Station and Uplink 576

10.8 Installation of DBS-TV Antennas 577

10.9 Satellite Radio Broadcasting 578

10.10 Summary 583

Exercises 584

References 586

11 Satellite Internet 589

11.1 History of Satellite Internet Access 589

11.2 Geostationary Satellite Internet Access 592

11.3 NGSO Satellite Systems 604

11.4 Link Budgets for NGSO Systems 613

11.5 Packets and Protocols for NGSO Systems 618

11.6 Gateways, User Terminals, and Onboard Processing Satellites 622

11.7 Total Capacity of OneWeb and SpaceX Proposed NGSO Constellations 625

11.8 End of Life Disposal of NGSO Satellites 625

11.9 Comparison of Spot Beam Coverage of GSO and LEO Internet Access Satellites 626

11.10 User Terminal Antennas for Ku-Band, Ka-Band, and V-Band 627

11.11 Summary 628

Exercises 629

References 629

12 Satellite Navigation and the Global Positioning System 633

12.1 The Global Positioning System 634

12.2 Radio and Satellite Navigation 637

12.3 GPS Position Location Principles 640

12.4 GPS Codes and Frequencies 644

12.5 Satellite Signal Acquisition 648

12.6 GPS Signal Levels 658

12.7 GPS Navigation Message 662

12.8 GPS C/A Code Standard Positioning System Accuracy 663

12.9 Differential GPS 667

12.10 Denial of Service: Jamming and Spoofing 669

12.11 ADS-B and Air Traffic Control 672

12.12 GPS Modernization 673

12.13 Summary 675

Exercises 676

References 677

Glossary 681

Appendix A Decibels in Communications Engineering 691

Appendix B Antennas 695

Appendix C Complementary Error Function erfc(x) and Q FunctionQ(z) 715

Appendix D Digital Transmission of Analog Signals 719

Index 731