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The volume provides an in-depth exploration of the origins and effects of electoral systems
Contributions from the top scholars in the field cover the design and adoption of election rules, how rules influence representation, policy, and the functions of other institutions, and the emerging horizons of electoral systems research
The book addresses key theoretical questions and methodological approaches that will guide elections research in the decades to come and should serve as a key resource for scholars, students, and practitioners
As a developed field that has changed substantially over recent years, the study of electoral systems is particularly ripe for a Handbook
The book addresses electoral systems and their consequences, including assessments of elections in countries that have held, or will be holding, contentious votes. Chapters on elections in the United States, France, and Germany are especially noteworthy as the rise of populism in democratic societies has raised the profile of these contests.

No subject is more central to the study of politics than elections. All across the globe, elections are a focal point for citizens, the media, and politicians long before-and sometimes long after-they occur. Electoral systems, the rules about how voters´ preferences are translated into election results, profoundly shape the results not only of individual elections but also of many other important political outcomes, including party systems, candidate selection, and policy choices. Electoral systems have been a hot topic in established democracies from the UK and Italy to New Zealand and Japan. Even in the United States, events like the 2016 presidential election and court decisions such as Citizens United have sparked advocates to promote change in the Electoral College, redistricting, and campaign-finance rules. Elections and electoral systems have also intensified as a field of academic study, with groundbreaking work over the past decade sharpening our understanding of how electoral systems fundamentally shape the connections among citizens, government, and policy. This volume provides an in-depth exploration of the origins and effects of electoral systems.

Table of Contents
1. Terminology and Basic Rules of Electoral Systems
Erik S. Herron, Robert J. Pekkanen, and Matthew S. Shugart
Part I. Foundations of Electoral Systems
2. Dimensions of Variation in Electoral Systems
Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell
3. Electoral System Effects on Party Systems
Matthew S. Shugart and Rein Taagepera
4. Party System Effects on Electoral Systems
Josep M. Colomer
5. Electoral System Design in New Democracies
John M. Carey
6. Electoral System Change
Alan Renwick
Part II. Issues and Representation
7. Social Diversity, Electoral Systems, and the Party System
Robert Moser, Ethan Scheiner, and Heather Stoll
8. Electoral Systems and Ethnic Minority Representation
David Lublin and Shaun Bowler
9. Electoral Systems and Women´s Representation
Mona Lena Krook
10. Electoral Systems and Voter Turnout
Daniel M. Smith
11. Electoral Systems and Citizen-Elite Ideological Congruence
Matthew Golder and Benjamin Ferland
12. Electoral Systems and Issue Polarization
James F. Adams and Nathan J. Rexford
Part III. Electoral Systems and the Wider Political System
13. Portfolio-maximizing Strategic Voting in Parliamentary Elections
Gary W. Cox
14. Presidential and Legislative Elections
Mark P. Jones
15. Electoral Systems and Legislative Organization
Shane Martin
16. Electoral Systems and Roles in the Legislative Arena
Audrey André and Sam Depauw
17. Electoral Systems and Constituency Service
Brian F. Crisp and William M. Simoneau
18. Direct Democracy and Referendums
Matt Qvortrup
19. Electoral Systems in Authoritarian States
Jennifer Gandhi and Abigail L. Heller
Part IV. Electoral Systems and Research Design
20. Election Data and Levels of Analysis
Ken Kollman
21. Experimental Research Design in the Study of Electoral Systems
Joshua Tucker and Dominik Duell
22. Reconciling Approaches in the Study of Mixed-Member Electoral Systems
Erik S. Herron, Kuniaki Nemoto, and Misa Nishikawa
Part V. Holding Elections
23. Election Administration
Thad E. Hall
24. Electoral Systems and Electoral Integrity
Pippa Norris
25. Electoral Systems and Redistricting
Lisa Handley
26. Electoral Systems and Campaign Finance
Joel W. Johnson
Part VI. Electoral Systems in Context
27. Electoral Systems in Context: The Netherlands
Kristof Jacobs
28. Electoral Systems in Context: Israel
Reuven Y. Hazan, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, and Gideon Rahat
29. Electoral Systems in Context: Finland
Åsa von Schoultz
30. Electoral Systems in Context: United Kingdom
Thomas Carl Lundberg
31. Electoral Systems in Context: Ireland
Michael Marsh
32. Electoral Systems in Context: France
Verónica Hoyo
33. Electoral Systems in Context: India
Adam Ziegfeld
34. Electoral Systems in Context: United States
Steven L. Taylor
35. Electoral Systems in Context: Canada
Louis Massicotte
36. Electoral Systems in Context: Australia
Ian McAllister and Toni Makkai
37. Electoral Systems in Context: Germany
Thomas Zittel
Part VII. Electoral Systems in the Context of Reform
38. Electoral Systems in Context: New Zealand
Jack Vowles
39. Electoral Systems in Context: Japan
Kuniaki Nemoto
40. Electoral Systems in Context: Italy
Gianluca Passarelli
41. Electoral Systems in Context: Colombia
Steven L. Taylor and Matthew S. Shugart
Part VIII. Electoral Systems in the Context of New Democracies
42. Electoral Systems in Context: Ukraine
Erik S. Herron
43. Electoral Systems in Context: Indonesia
Nathan Allen
44. Electoral Systems in Context: South Africa
Karen E. Ferree